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Optical fiber cabling process

2022-08-23
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Optical fiber is the abbreviation of optical fiber, which is a light transmission tool that utilizes the principle of total reflection of light in fibers made of glass or plastic. Typically, a light-emitting diode (LED) or a laser beam is used to transmit light pulses to the optical fiber by a transmitting device at one end of the optical fiber, and a receiving device at the other end of the optical fiber detects the pulses using a photosensitive element.

 

Optical fiber cabling process

What are the advantages of optical fiber

1. Bandwidth

The width of the frequency band represents the size of the transmission capacity. The higher the frequency of the carrier, the larger the frequency bandwidth over which the signal can be transmitted. In the VHF band, the carrier frequency is 48.5MHz to 300Mhz. The bandwidth is about 250MHz, which can only transmit 27 sets of TV sets and dozens of sets of FM broadcasts. The frequency of visible light reaches 100,000 GHz, which is more than one million times higher than the VHF frequency band. Although the frequency bandwidth is affected due to the different losses of optical fibers to different frequencies of light, the frequency bandwidth in the lowest loss region can also reach 30,000 GHz.

 

2. Low loss

In a system composed of coaxial cables, the best cable has a loss of more than 40dB per kilometer when transmitting 800MHz signals. In contrast, the loss of optical fiber is much smaller. The loss per kilometer is less than 0.35dB when transmitting light of 1.31um. That's 100 million times less power loss than coaxial cable, allowing it to travel much farther. In addition, there are two characteristics of optical fiber transmission loss, one is that it has the same loss in all cable TV channels, and it is not necessary to introduce an equalizer for equalization like a cable trunk line; the other is that its loss hardly changes with temperature, so don't worry Fluctuations in mains level due to changes in ambient temperature.

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3. Light weight

Because the optical fiber is very thin, the diameter of the single-mode optical fiber core wire is generally 4um to 10um, and the outer diameter is only 125um. With the addition of waterproof layer, reinforcing ribs, sheath, etc., the diameter of the optical cable composed of 4 to 48 optical fibers is less than 13mm. It is much smaller than the standard coaxial cable's diameter of 47mm. In addition, the optical fiber is glass fiber and has a small specific gravity. It has the characteristics of small diameter and light weight, and it is very convenient to install.

 

4. Strong anti-interference ability

Because the basic component of optical fiber is quartz, it only transmits light, does not conduct electricity, and is not affected by electromagnetic fields. The optical signal transmitted in it is not affected by electromagnetic fields. Therefore, optical fiber transmission has strong resistance to electromagnetic interference and industrial interference. Because of this, the signal transmitted in the optical fiber is not easy to be eavesdropped, so it is conducive to confidentiality.

 

5. High fidelity

Because optical fiber transmission generally does not require repeater amplification, it will not introduce new nonlinear distortion due to amplification. As long as the linearity of the laser is good, TV signals can be transmitted with high fidelity. The actual test shows that the carrier combination three beat ratio C/CTB of a good AM fiber system is above 70dB, and the intermodulation index cM is also above 60dB, which is much higher than the nonlinear distortion index of the general cable trunk system.

 

6. Reliable working performance

We know that the reliability of a system is related to the number of devices that make up the system. The more devices there are, the greater the chance of failure. Because the fiber optic system contains a small number of devices (does not require dozens of amplifiers like the cable system), the reliability is naturally high, and the life of the fiber optic equipment is very long, with a trouble-free working time of 500,000 to 750,000 hours. Among them, the laser in the optical transmitter has the shortest lifespan, and the minimum lifespan is also more than 100,000 hours. Therefore, the working performance of a well-designed, correctly installed and debugged optical fiber system is very reliable.

 

7. Costs are falling

Since the source of material (quartz) for making optical fiber is very rich, with the advancement of technology, the cost will be further reduced; while the copper raw material required for the cable is limited, the price will be higher and higher. Obviously, optical fiber transmission will occupy an absolute advantage in the future, and become the most important transmission method for establishing the cable television network in the whole province and even the whole country.

 

Provide optical fiber network cabling services for newly replaced offices, workshops, computer rooms, etc. for enterprises, institutions, factories, etc.:

1. Optical fiber wiring: optical fiber network planning, optical fiber network design, optical fiber wiring scheme design, optical fiber wiring construction, etc.

 

2. Optical fiber network integrated wiring: fiber material selection, fiber network bandwidth planning, line construction, fiber network relocation, etc.

 

3. Broadband network integrated wiring: local area network establishment, wireless network coverage, broadband network rectification.

 

What are the processes of fiber optic cabling

1. Understand the customer's network requirements, network bandwidth usage, on-the-spot investigation, investigation and research on the optical fiber network environment and the building structure of the wiring site, and collect architectural drawings, wiring materials and other related materials.

 

2. Provide optical fiber cabling solutions according to customer needs and provide optical fiber and network equipment reference for optical fiber cabling.

 

3. Carry out standardized and standardized construction in accordance with the optical fiber cabling solution, and test and check each information point of the optical fiber.

 

4. Customer acceptance and completion of fiber optic wiring project.

 

The above is the whole content of the advantages of optical fiber and the process of optical fiber cabling. I think you have a better understanding of optical fiber here, and I hope to give you some help.

 

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